By a strange coincidence, archaeologists sometimes find mysterious items that do not fit into our understanding of ancient cultures. Their existence could not imagine any historian, and yet they are. Scientists dubbed them “Out of Place Artefacts” — “artificial items of strange origin.”
According to him, the ancient Greeks were able to create a similar computer (a lot of the Antikythera mechanism), the inhabitants of Parthia used battery cells, but the Egyptians incandescent bulbs.
With what are we dealing with? With a skilful fraud? Or the history of the development of technology necessary to rewrite?
One of the findings met not in his place, the famous “Baghdad battery”. In 1936, during excavations near Baghdad Austrian archaeologist Wilhelm könig found a pitcher, made two thousand years ago, Parthian pottery.
Inside a nondescript pale yellow vessel with a height of 15 centimeters was copper cylinder. Its diameter was 26 mm and a height of 9 inches. Inside the cylinder was inserted an iron rod, completely rusted. All items have been filled with asphalt, holding them.
In his book “lost In Paradise” Wilhelm Koenig meticulously described the discovery:
“The upper end of the rod about an inch protrude above the cylinder and was covered with a thin, light yellow, fully oxidized layer of metal that looks like lead. The lower end of the iron rod did not get to the bottom of the cylinder, on which was placed a layer of asphalt thickness of approximately three millimeters”.
But what was intended for this vessel? He could only surmise.
“Clay jar with a copper element found in the house outside of the village, and near it lay three clay bowls with magic inscriptions, in the ruins of Seleucia on the Tigris found similar copper elements”.
For some reason they were needed! And we must not forget that IIl-II century BC, according to historians, was one of the most productive periods in the development of science and technology.
A few years Koenig has published unexpected hypothesis. The jug could serve as a galvanic element, more simply, a battery. “It was just a pouring of acid or alkali,” suggested the Explorer.
This was confirmed by experiments. Prof. B. Perchinski from the University of North Carolina made the same jug, filled it with wine vinegar of five percent, connected the voltmeter and found that between iron and copper creates a voltage equal to 0.5 volt.
A little, but still! This antique battery within 18 days.
So the Parthians — the eternal rivals of the Romans in the East, whose culture we know relatively poorly, could produce an electric current with the most primitive means. But for what? Indeed, in Parthia, as in Ancient Rome — that we know! do not use electric lamps, and are not equipped carts with motors, not built transmission lines.
And what if not? What if to blame the “dark ages”, which has deprived the Europeans of historical memory? And the “age of electricity” came not in the days of Faraday and Yablochkova, and in the pre-Christian era?
“Electric lighting was available in Ancient Egypt” — according to Peter Crassus and Reinhard Hubarg devoted to the proof of this idea in his book.
Their main argument: relief from temple of Hathor at Dendera, created in the year 50 BC, in the time of Queen Cleopatra. This relief is visible Egyptian priest, who is holding an oblong object resembling the bulb of an electric lamp. Inside the bulb writhing snake, her head turned to the sky.